gamelans – NationStates ? View topic Your nation’s national instrument?
Bali, in Indonesia, consisting largely of several varieties of gongs and various sets of tuned metal instruments that are struck in the same way as mallets. The gongs are either suspended vertically or, as in imitation of the knobbed-centre, kettle-shaped gongs of the bonang, placed flat. Percussive melodic instruments complement the bonang, the xylophone (gambang kayu), and various metallophones (instruments behind a series of tuned metal plates, either suspended greater than a resonance trough or upon resonance tubes).
A sustained expose is played either by the bamboo flute (suling) or by a bowed stringed instrument (rebab) or is sungthe last especially when, as often occurs, the gamelan is used to accompany theatrical performances, or wayang. The voice is after that allocation of the orchestral texture. Dominating these two groups of instruments is the drum (kendang), which unites them and acts as leader. Javanese gamelans frequently combine singers, even if most Balinese gamelans consist exclusively of percussion instruments. Many types of gamelans, of rotate sizes and for a variety of purposes, may be distinguished.
The extremely developed polyphony (multipart music) or heterophony (music in which one allowance varies a proclaim played simultaneously in other part) of the gamelan has a rhythmic origin. A nuclear theme typically extends beyond a number of four-beat bars, adjacent to which extra instruments decree a associated countermelody. out of the ordinary organization plays rhythmic paraphrases of this theme, and a fourth group fills out the texture subsequently delicate rhythmic patterns.
Highly important are the punctuating, or colotomic, instruments that divide the musical sentence, marking, as it were, the commas, semicolons, and periods. This last-named be in is ended bearing in mind the huge gong. higher than this shimmering, variegated pattern of hammered solid floats the uninterrupted melodic line of the voice, the flute, or the rebab.