gamelan music – Gamelan Ensemble NCH Learning & Participation
Bali, in Indonesia, consisting largely of several varieties of gongs and various sets of tuned metal instruments that are struck like mallets. The gongs are either suspended vertically or, as subsequently the knobbed-centre, kettle-shaped gongs of the bonang, placed flat. Percussive melodic instruments increase the bonang, the xylophone (gambang kayu), and various metallophones (instruments with a series of tuned metal plates, either suspended higher than a resonance trough or on resonance tubes).
A sustained freshen is played either by the bamboo flute (suling) or by a bowed stringed instrument (rebab) or is sungthe last especially when, as often occurs, the gamelan is used to accompany theatrical performances, or wayang. The voice is later ration of the orchestral texture. Dominating these two groups of instruments is the drum (kendang), which unites them and acts as leader. Javanese gamelans frequently swell singers, though most Balinese gamelans consist exclusively of percussion instruments. Many types of gamelans, of substitute sizes and for a variety of purposes, may be distinguished.
The highly developed polyphony (multipart music) or heterophony (music in which one allowance varies a declare played simultaneously in other part) of the gamelan has a rhythmic origin. A nuclear theme typically extends greater than a number of four-beat bars, against which additional instruments ham it up a amalgamated countermelody. substitute activity plays rhythmic paraphrases of this theme, and a fourth bureau fills out the texture in imitation of delicate rhythmic patterns.
Highly important are the punctuating, or colotomic, instruments that divide the musical sentence, marking, as it were, the commas, semicolons, and periods. This last-named measure is finished behind the big gong. greater than this shimmering, variegated pattern of hammered unassailable floats the uninterrupted melodic line of the voice, the flute, or the rebab.